Freedom of Marriage World Map

Freedom of Marriage World Table

Legend:   0: Severe restrictions   1: Partial restrictions   2: Freedom of Marriage
  Same-sex marriage   Same-sex civil union
Country Continent Principal Religion Freedom Level Comments Source *
Afghanistan Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce governed by Sharia law; heavily biased against women and restrictive regarding interfaith marriage.  
Albania Europe Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage, but according to reports, 10% of women are married before the age of 18 and children are reportedly sold for marriage.  
Algeria Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce governed by Sharia law; heavily biased against women and restrictive regarding interfaith marriage.  
Andorra  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Angola Africa Indigenous 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The legal age for marriage is 15 and there are reports that in some rural areas the law is not enforced and children are married even earlier than the legal age.  
Antigua and Barbuda North America Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Argentina  South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Armenia Asia Armenian Orthodox 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage, but special privileges are granted to the Armenian Christian Church.  
Australia  Oceania Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Austria  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Azerbaijan Asia Shiite Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, there is a rise of underage marriages, including many girls who are married at ages 14-15.  
Bahamas North America Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage  
Bahrain Asia Shiite Muslim 0 0 Sharia law governs marriage laws, which results in reported discriminatory policies against women. In many reported cases, women need family permission in order to get married. However, civil marriage is available for non-Muslims.  
Bangladesh Asia Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal religious freedom of marriage, but there are reports of forced marriages of girls at a young age.  
Barbados North America Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Belarus Europe Eastern Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Belgium  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Belize North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Benin Africa Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of forced marriages and kidnapping children for marriage.  
Bhutan Asia Buddhist 1 1 Religious and nationality-based discrimination. Bhutanese are able to intermarry if their partner is Bhuddist though they are unable to receive certain financial benefits. Polygamy is permitted.  
Bolivia South America Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage marriages and not enough government involvement. Marriage is allowed at age 14.  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Sunni Muslim 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Botswana Africa Christian 1 1 Botswana recognizes three parallel legal systems. Two of them often are discriminatory against women in marriage law. Polygamy is legal but not widely practiced.  
Brazil  South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Brunei Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Sharia law applies to Muslim population, which constitutes two-thirds of the population. Intermarriage is prohibited.  
Bulgaria Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Burkina Faso Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Formal freedom of marriage. In rural areas, women are reported to be considered the property of their husbands. According to reports, One-third of girls between the ages of 15-19 are married and there are many reports of forced marriage.  
Burundi Africa Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, 18% of women between the ages of 20-24 claim to have been engaged or married before the age of 18.  
Cambodia Asia Buddhist 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Cameroon Africa Indigenous/Christian 0 0 Formal freedom of marriage. The legal age for marriage is 15. According to reports in the northern areas of Cameroon, marriages at even younger ages are a common occurrence. Young girls are often sent away from home to marry older men.  
Canada  North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Cape Verde Africa Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Central African Republic Africa Indigenous/Christian 0 0 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, there is a large amount of women between the ages of 15-19 that are married, divorced, or widowed. Polygamy is legal.  
Chad Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Formal freedom of marriage. The legal age for engagement is 11. There are many reports of forced marriage and selling women for marriage.  
Chile South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
China Asia None (officially atheist) 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Colombia  South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Comoros Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Sharia law has significant influence on marriage law. The legal age for marriage is 15 for men and 14 for women. There are reports of forced underage marriage amongst the Muslim population.  
Congo - Brazzaville Africa Christian 1 1 There are reports of discrimination against women in traditional marriage laws and customs. Polygamy is recognized by the government.  
Congo - Kinshasa Africa Roman Catholic 0 0 Marriage laws discriminate negatively against women. There are many reports of women who have been raped and because of that, are unable to get married. There are also many reports of selling women for marriage.  
Costa Rica North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of low-level discrimination in favor of the Catholic church.  
Croatia Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Cuba North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Cyprus Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Czech Republic  Europe Roman Catholic (majority unaffiliated) 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Denmark  Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Djibouti Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce governed by Sharia law; heavily biased against women and restrictive regarding interfaith marriage. Civil marriage only allowed for non-Muslim foreign residents.  
Dominica North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Dominican Republic North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage. Minimum age for marriage is 15.  
East Timor Asia Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The recognized age for marriage is 15. There are reports of marriages that are arranged at the bride's birth.  
Ecuador  South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Egypt Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriages and divorces for Muslims are ruled by Sharia law. For members of all other religions, marriage and divorce are ruled by their respective religious law. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriages.  
El Salvador North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Equatorial Guinea Africa Christian 1 1 Equatorial Guinea recognizes traditional marriage laws. According to reports, this causes discrimination against women, underage marriages, and forced marriages.  
Eritrea Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Eritrea recognizes three legal marriage systems, including traditional laws and Sharia laws. Sharia law governs in several parts of the country. According to reports, there are occurences of underage marriages.  
Estonia Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Ethiopia Africa Orthodox Christian 0 0 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of specific descrimination towards women and frequent occurences of underage and forced marriages.  
Fiji Oceania Protestant Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, there are underage marriages in rural areas.  
Finland  Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
France  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Gabon Africa Christian 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, underage marriages, which were once common, are becoming more rare.  
Gambia Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 There are four parallel types of marriage law recognized in Gambia. Most of the women are married through traditional marriage law. There is no minimum age for marriage and there are many reports of forced marriage.  
Georgia Asia Orthodox Christian 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage. Scarce reports of forced marriage in rural areas.  
Germany  Europe Protestant/Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Ghana Africa Christian 0 0 There are three parallel types of marriage law: Civil marriage, traditional marriage, and Islamic marriage according to Sharia law. According to reports, there are many forced marriages and marriages of minors through traditional and sharia law.  
Greece Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Greenland  North America Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Grenada North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Guatemala North America Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The legal age for men is 14 and for women is 14. There are testimonies of forced marriages and claims that the government in Guatemala doesn't have the ability or desire to tackle this occurence.  
Guinea Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, there is a lack of proper supervision in preventing underage marriages. Traditional customs permit weddings starting at age 14.  
Guinea-Bissau Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage and forced marriages.  
Guyana South America Protestant Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage and forced marriages.  
Haiti North America Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage and forced marriages. The minimum age for marriage for women is 15.  
Honduras North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Hungary  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Iceland  Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
India Asia Hindu 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage marriage, many of them are forced marriages. There are reports of discrimination practiced, based on caste.  
Indonesia Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce is ruled by Sharia law. There are reports of discrimination towards women and restrictions regarding intermarriage. There are reports of underage marriage as well.  
Iran Asia Shiite Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce is ruled by Sharia law. There are reports of severe discrimination against women and restrictions to intermarriage.The law allows marriage at age 14 for men and 13 for women. There are many reports of underage marriages in rural areas.  
Iraq Asia Shiite Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce is ruled by Sharia law. There are reports of discrimination towards women and restrictions regarding intermarriage.  
Ireland  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Israel Asia Jewish 0 0 Only recognized religious marriage ceremonies are allowed. For Jews, only weddings that are held according to strict Orthodox standards are accepted. There is no option for civil marriage or interfaith marriage. Weddings conducted outside of the country are recognized. 300,000 citizens are defined as "without religion" and they are unable to get married in the country.  
Italy Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Ivory Coast Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. Ivory Coast's law forbids underage marriage and discrimination against women, but there are reports of frequent traditional customs that contradict the law.  
Jamaica North America Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Japan Asia Shintoism/Buddhism 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Jordan Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Islamic Sharia law rules in all matters concerning marriage and personal status. There is no civil marriage.  
Kazakhstan Asia Sunni Muslim 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Kenya Africa Protestant Christian 0 0 There are options to hold marriage ceremonies according to traditional and Islamic laws that reportedly discriminate against women. A quarter of women in Kenya are married as girls.  
Kiribati Oceania Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Kosovo Europe Sunni Muslim 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Kuwait Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriages and divorces are ruled by Sharia law. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriage.  
Kyrgyzstan Asia Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of kidnapping women and girls for the purpose of marriage.  
Laos Asia Buddhist 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, there are underage marriages and polygamous practices, especially in rural areas.  
Latvia Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Lebanon Asia Shiite Muslim 0 0 Marriages and divorces for Muslims are ruled by Sharia law. For members of all other religions, marriage and divorce are ruled by their respective religious law. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriages.  
Lesotho Africa Christian 1 1 There are two parallel sets of marriage laws, civil and traditional. The traditional law reportedly discriminates against women.  
Liberia Africa Christian 1 1 There are two parallel sets of marriage laws, civil and traditional. The traditional law reportedly discriminates against women and permits underage marriages.  
Libya Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce is ruled by Sharia law. There are reports of discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriage.  
Liechtenstein  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Lithuania Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Luxembourg  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage  
Macedonia Europe Macedonian Orthodox 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Madagascar Africa Indigenous 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of discrimination against women due to traditional customs. Polgyamy is permitted according to the law.  
Malawi Africa Christian 1 1 Malawi law permits marriages according to customary law which, according to reports, discriminates against women. Most marriages are conducted according to these laws.  
Malaysia Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriage.  
Maldives Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriage.  
Mali Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of traditional customs with legal backing, that discriminate against women and permit polygamy.  
Malta Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Marshall Islands Oceania Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Mauritania Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reported social pressures against marrying partners from different social classes and discrimination against women stemming from the influence of Sharia law.  
Mauritius Africa Hindu 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Mexico  North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Micronesia Oceania Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Moldova Europe Eastern Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Monaco Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Mongolia Asia Buddhist 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Montenegro Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Morocco Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce law is determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriage.  
Mozambique Africa Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of improper implementation of the marriage laws, which causes discrimination against women married through customary and religious laws.  
Myanmar [Burma] Asia Buddhist 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage, but the minimum age woman can marry is 16 and polygamy is legal although rare.  
Namibia Africa Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are still reports traditional marriages and polygamy is permitted by law.  
Nepal Asia Hindu 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage but there are reports of cultural resisitance to intercaste marriages.  
Netherlands  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
New Caledonia Oceania Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
New Zealand  Oceania Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Nicaragua North America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Niger Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports discrimination against women in traditional marriage ceremonies. The minimum age for females to marry is 15 but there is documentation of young girls who are married at any earlier age.  
Nigeria Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Nigeria recognizes three types of marriage law: Civil, traditional, and religious (Muslim or Christian). This system creates discrimination against women and recognizes polygamy. According to reports, 73% of women in the northern part of the country, which has a large Muslim population, are married before they reach the age of 18.  
North Korea Asia None (officially atheist) 0 0 There is no freedom of marriage. The state permits marriage only to members of the same social castes.  
Norway  Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Oman Asia Ibadhi Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorced laws are controlled by the Sharia. There are many reports of underage marriages. For the non-muslim population, there are options for religious and civil marriages.  
Pakistan Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriages and divorces laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriages.  
Palau Oceania Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Palestinian Authority Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce governed by Sharia law; heavily biased against women and restrictive regarding interfaith marriage.  
Panama North America Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The minimum age for marriage is 14. According to reports, a fifth of the women are married before age 19.  
Papua New Guinea Oceania Protestant Christian 0 0 There are options for both civil and traditional marriages. According to reports, here is a growing trend of underage marriages and polygamy.  
Paraguay South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of a decline in underage marriages.  
Peru South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Philippines Asia Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The marriage laws for the small Muslim population is ruled by the Sharia. There are reports of young girls who are forced into marriages, especially in the Muslim sector.  
Poland Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Portugal  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage. Legal age for marriage is 16.  
Qatar Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia; for non-Muslims, a Christian wedding is reportedly the only legal way to wed in Qatar.  
Romania Europe Eastern Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Russia Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Rwanda Africa Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. Most marriages are not legally registered because of Rwanda's relatively old legal age for marriage (21). Polygamy is forbidden.  
San Marino Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Sao Tome and Principe Africa Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. But there are still reports of customary union ceremonies.  
Saudi Arabia Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriages. There is no minimum legal age for marriage.  
Senegal Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. Traditional marriage laws still have a large influence on marriages and polygamy is permitted. There are many reports of illegal underage marriages. In certain areas, the Sharia determines marriage law.  
Serbia Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Seychelles Africa Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Sierra Leone Africa Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. Because Sierra Leone officially recognizes traditional marriage customs, there are reports of underage and forced marriages.  
Singapore Asia Buddhist 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Slovakia Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Slovenia  Europe Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Solomon Islands Oceania Protestant Christian 1 1 Freedom of marriage.  
Somalia Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Weddings are conducted according to Shia Islamic law. Civil marriages are not recognized and there are reports of child and forced marriages.  
Somaliland Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce governed by Sharia law. Reports of discrimination against women.  
South Africa  Africa Protestant Christian 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage even though South Africa recognizes traditional and customary marriage laws. There are some reports of polygamy.  
South Korea Asia Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
South Sudan Africa Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage, but there are reports of underage and forced marriages.  
Spain  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Sri Lanka Asia Buddhist 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underagemarriages, especially amongst the Muslim population. Muslim citizens are not allowed have civil marriages.  
Sudan Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfatih marriage. The Sudanese government does recognize civil marriages between members of the non-Muslim population. Muslims are not allowed to have civil marriages.  
Suriname South America Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are two types of marriage that are recognized in Suriname (Hindu and Muslim). There are reports of underage marriages in religious marriage ceremonies.  
Swaziland Africa Zionist (Christian/indigenous) 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage marriages and polygamy amongst the population that gets married through traditional marriages.  
Sweden  Europe Lutheran 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Switzerland  Europe Roman Catholic 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Syria Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriages. Muslim citizens are required to get married in a religious ceremony.  
Taiwan Asia Buddhist/Daoist 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Tajikistan Asia Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, there is a growing trend of marrying off young girls and polygamy.  
Tanzania Africa Christian (Zanzibar - Muslim) 0 0 There are reports of marriages being held at a young age and the law in Tanzania permits polygamy.  
Thailand Asia Buddhist 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage, though there are reports of discrimination against women.  
Togo Africa Christian 0 0 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of discrimination against women in traditional marriages. There are also reports of underage marriages and polygamy amongst significant percentages of the population.  
Trinidad and Tobago South America Roman Catholic/Protestant 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The minimum legal age for marriage depends on religion. For example, in Muslim weddings (held according to Sharia law) the minimum age is 12.  
Tunisia Africa Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws determined by the Sharia legal system. There are reports of discrimination towards women and restrictions against interfaith marriages.  
Turkey Asia Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There reports of many problems, such as underage and forced marriages, especially in rural areas.  
Turkmenistan Asia Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. According to reports, around 9% of marriages involve minors.  
Tuvalu Oceania Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Uganda Africa Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage marriages and discrimination against women.  
Ukraine Europe Orthodox Christian 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage. There is a reported problem of underage marriages amongst gypsies.  
United Arab Emirates Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are ruled by the Sharia law. There are reports of severe discrimination against women and restrictions regarding interfaith marriages. According to reports, underage marriage is a serious problem.  
United Kingdom  Europe Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
United States  North America Protestant Christian 2 2 Freedom of marriage.  
Uruguay  South America Roman Catholic 2 2 Formal freedom of marriage.  
Uzbekistan Asia Sunni Muslim 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage and forced marriages.  
Vanuatu Oceania Protestant Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of underage marriages and discrimination against women.  
Vatican City Europe Roman Catholic 0 0 Marriage in the Vatican is only available for Catholics.  
Venezuela  South America Roman Catholic 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. The minimum age for marriage for females is 14. In addition, there is documentation of women who are raped and then forced to marry their attacker.  
Vietnam Asia Buddhist 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. There are reports of traditional marriage that discriminates against women. There are also reports of underage marriages.  
Yemen Asia Sunni Muslim 0 0 Marriage and divorce laws are determined by the Sharia. There are reports of severe discrimination against women (Silence can be considered as consent to marriage). There are also many reports of marriages between children and adults. There are restrictions regarding intermarriage.  
Zambia Africa Christian 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. Zambia recognizes both civil and traditional marriages. Traditional marriage laws reportedly permit underage and forced marriages, which often take place in rural areas.  
Zimbabwe Africa Syncretic (Christian/Indigenous) 1 1 Formal freedom of marriage. Zimbabwe recognizes three types of marriage laws, including unregistered traditional marriages. There are reports of underage marriages, especially in rural areas.  






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